Abortion carries the risk of significant complicaitons such as bleeding, infection, and damage to organs. Getting complete information on the risks associated is important, as this decision will affect you for the rest of your life.
Some bleeding after abortion is normal. However, there is a risk of severe bleeding known as hemorrhaging. When this happens, a D&C may be required to stop the bleeding, and sometimes a blood transfusion may be necessary.
Infection can develop from the insertion of medical insturments into the uterus, or from fetal parts that have neen left inside (known as an incomplete abortion). This may cause bleeding and/or a pelvic infection requiring antibiotics, and may result in the need for a surgical procedure to fully empty the uterus. Infection may cause scarring of the pelvic organs.
DAMAGE TO THE ORGANS
The cervix and/or uterus may be cut, torn, or punctured by abortion instruments. This may cause excessive bleeding requiring surgical repair. Curettes and other abortion instruments may cause permanent scarring of the uterine lining. The risk of these types of complications increases with the length of the pregnancy. If complications occur, major surgery may be required, including removal of the uterus (known as a hysterectomy). If the uterus is punctured or torn, there is also a risk that damage may occur to nearby organs, such as the bowel and bladder.
Complications from general anesthesia used during abortion surgery may result in convulsions, heart complications, and, in extreme cases, death.
Every pregnant woman should receive blood type testing to learn if her blood type is “Rh positive” or “Rh negative.” All pregnant women who are Rh negative should receive Rhogam, an injection given to prevent the formation of antibodies that may harm future pregnancies.
In extreme cases, complications from abortion (excessive bleeding, infection, organ damage, blood clots, and adverse reaction to anesthesia) may lead to death.