Recent changes in our culture have made it important for you to know the facts regarding oral sex. These changes include on-going HIV/AIDS epidemic. More scientific surveys have studied oral sex and even more surveys are being conducted with strong indications that oral sex is on the rise, especially among middle school and high school aged children. Recent surveys show that over 50% of teenagers' ages 15-19 report participating in oral sex.i An attitude is circulating that, since you can't get pregnant through oral sex, then it must be "safe." ii
Therefore sexual intercourse includes oral, anal and vaginal sex. Oral sex, like other methods of sex, carries with it the risk of serious, untreatable and even life-threatening diseases in both men and women. Oral sex has been found to spread syphilis, gonorrhea, HIV (causes AIDS), HPV, genital herpes, chlamydia and possibly hepatitis C.iii iv v
The United States has an epidemic of sexually transmitted infections (STI’s). Over 70 million Americans currently have an STI. 19 million new cases occur each year. Over 60% of these are in people under 25.vi
Most people with STI’s have no symptoms. Even without symptoms, they can still pass on the infection.
In women, complications from infection include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), tubal pregnancy, infertility and cervical cancer. In pregnant women, STD’s can lead to miscarriage, stillbirths, preterm delivery and birth defects... Some STD’s, such as HIV, can be life threatening.
As a teenager, there are a few things the media isn't telling you when it comes to your sexuality and Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Here are some facts about the truth behind these topics.
If you have experienced any of these symptoms it is very important to get tested for a SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE. Make an appointment today to discuss your symptoms and learn about STI testing.
Bacterial: Can be cured, but any damage done is irreversible
Viral: Can be treated, but NOT cured
For more complete information on Sexually Transmitted Diseases please click here.
Over the 28 existing STD’s the most common ones affecting teens are:
|Bacterial||How It's Spread|
|Chlamydiavii||Body Fluid Contact|
|Gonorrheaviii||Body Fluid Contact|
|Syphilisix||Body Fluid and Skin to Skin Contact|
|Trichomoniasas (parasite)x||Body Fluid and Skin to Skin Contact|
|Viral||How It's Spread|
|HIV/AIDSxi||Body Fluid Contact|
|Genital Herpes (HSV)xii||Skin to Skin Contact|
|Human papilloma Virus (HPV)xiii||Body Fluid and Skin to Skin Contact|
|Hepatitis B (HBV) & Hepatitis C (HCV)xiv||Body Fluid Contact|
Body fluids that can transmit STDs are: Blood, Semen, Vaginal Fluid and Breast Milk
Will condoms protect you from all the STDs?
Here are the results from the largest study ever conducted on condoms by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
The 2006 STD Treatment Guidelines prepared by the CDC: "Primary prevention of STD begins with changing the sexual behaviors that place persons at risk for infection" and “The most reliable way to avoid transmission of STD’s is to abstain from sex (i.e., oral, vaginal, or anal sex) or to be in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner."
In other words, abstinence while you are single and being sexually faithful while married are the two most effective ways to avoid Sexually Transmitted Disease.
(If every person has only the same number of partners as you)
"When you have sex with someone, you are having sex with everyone they have had sex with for the last ten years, and everyone they and their partners have had sex with for the last ten years."
- C. Everett Koop, M.D., Former US Surgeon General
i Mosher, W., et al., Advance data from Vital and Health Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Number 362, September 15, 2005 p.21-22
ii Remez L, “oral Sex Among Adolescents: Is It Sex or Is It Abstinence?” Family Planning Perspectives 32(6) November/December 2000
iii Edwards, S., Carne, C., Oral Sex and the transmission of viral STI’s, Sexually Transmitted Infections, 1998, 74 (1)6-10
vi Weinstock H, et al. Sexually Transmitted diseases among American youth: incidence and prevalence estimates, 2000. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 2004;36 (1):6-10
vii viii ix x xi xii xiii xiv www.cdc.gov/std/